白内障临床路径在医疗质量管理中的效果评价

Comprehensive analysis on quality of clinical pathway for hospitalized patients with cataract

doi:
10.3980/j.issn.1672-5123.2014.10.35
摘要:
目的:通过对老年性白内障临床路径实施患者住院及治疗情况的综合分析,评价临床路径在规范诊疗行为、提高医院工作效率、促进医疗质量管理中的作用。
  方法:对在西安市北方医院眼科通过超声乳化白内障吸除联合人工晶状体植入术行白内障治疗的病例资料进行回顾性研究。临床路径组为2012-10/2013-05收治的老年性白内障患者220例,按白内障临床路径完成标准住院治疗流程;对照组为2010-10/2011-06收治的老年性白内障患者213例,按普通流程完成住院治疗。对两组患者的治疗效果、平均住院日、平均住院费用、及患者满意度进行对比分析。
  结果:临床路径组,220例白内障患者视力提高者209例(95.0%),平均住院日4.5±1.4d,平均住院费用4522.3±285.1元;对照组患者213例,视力提高者202例(94.8%),平均住院日5.1±1.7d,平均住院费用4647.7±271.2元。两组间平均住院日和平均住院费用比较有显著性统计学差异(P<0.05);治疗效果和患者满意度比较无统计学意义(P>0.05)。
  结论:老年性白内障临床路径的实施,规范了白内障治疗过程中的医疗行为,优化了医疗诊治流程,降低了医疗成本,提高了医疗质量,为促进医疗管理水平的改进提供了理论±据。
Abstract:
AIM: To analyze clinical data of hospitalized patients with age - related cataract treated through clinical pathway in our hospital, and to investigate the effectiveness of clinical pathway in standardizing medical behavior, advancing work efficiency, and improving quality of hospital management.
METHODS:Data of patients with age-related cataract, who were treated with phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation in Xi'an North Hospital, were retrospectively analyzed. In clinical pathway group, 220 patients underwent cataract surgery from October 2012 to May 2013 in accordance with clinical pathway. For control group, 213 patients with cataract receiving surgery from October 2010 to June 2011, comply with conventional process. Effect of cataract surgery, average length of hospitalization, average cost of hospitalization, and degree of satisfaction of patients were comprehensive investigated.
RESULTS: In 220 patients of clinical pathway group, 209 ( 95. 0%) got improved vision, the days of hospitalization was 4. 5 ± 1. 4d, and the average hospitalized consumption was 4 522. 3 ± 285. 1 Yuan. Whereas, in control group, visual acuity in 202 (94. 8%) out of 213 patients were improved, and the length and cost of hospitalization were 5. 1±1. 7d and 4 647. 7±271. 2 Yuan. The difference of the length and cost of hospitalization between these two groups were significant (P<0. 05). However, there was no statistically significance in curative effect and patients satisfaction compare (P>0. 05).
CONCLUSION: Practicing of age - related clinical pathway is helpful in standardizing medical heavier, optimizing clinical process, reducing health cost, improving quality of medical care, and providing evidence for hospital management innovation.
作者 惠玲[1]    张自峰[2]    王雨生[2]    车红芳[1]
Author: Ling Hui[1]    Zi-Feng Zhang[2]    Yu-Sheng Wang[2]    Hong-Fang Che[1]
作者单位
  1. 710043,中国陕西省西安市北方医院眼科
  2. 第四军医大学西京医院眼科, 中国陕西省西安市,710032
刊 名: 国际眼科杂志  
Journal: International Eye Science
年,卷(期) 2014, (10)
分类号
关键词: 临床路径 知识脉络    白内障 知识脉络    医疗质量 知识脉络    住院日 知识脉络    住院费用 知识脉络   
Keywords: clinical pathway    cataract    quality of medical care    days of hospitalization    cost of hospitalization   
机标分类号 R77 R28
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