苏北农民工市民化的主要问题及其对策研究

Main Problems and Countermeasures of Migrant Workers Citizenization in Northern Jiangsu

doi:
摘要:
分析了苏北农民工市民化的问题,主要是户籍人口城镇化滞后,市民化任务越来越重,城乡公共服务资源格局没有调整到位,农民工落户政策存在较大的社会隐患,农民工市民化的公共成本分担机制不健全.在此基础上,建议把增进农民工幸福作为市民化的宗旨,把提升农民工就业创业能力作为市民化的前提,把推进城乡区域常住人口基本服务均等化作为市民化的核心任务,把科学测算农民工市民化成本作为制定市民化政策的基础,把科学评估市民化能力作为制定市民化政策依据,把建立健全农村土地政策作为增进农民工幸福的重要路径,把建立地方公共财政支出与常住人口挂钩机制作为推进城乡基本公共服务均等化的关键举措,把建立省级财政转移支付与常住人口挂钩机制作为推进苏北外出农民工市民化的重要抓手,把加大对落后县(市)财政转移支付力度作为推进全省区域基本公共服务均等化的着力点,把建立健全农民工市民化考核机制作为推进苏北农民工市民化的重要动力.
Abstract:
The main problems of migrant workers citizenization in Northern Jiangsu are the urbanization of household population has been lagged , the task of citizenization has been become heavier , the urban and rural public service supplies have not been adjusted in place , and the urban settling threshold of migrant workers has been become social risk , the public cost sharing mechanism has not been perfected .On this basis, some suggestions were put forward as follows:to promote the migrant workers happiness as the aim of citizenization , to improve the employment and entrepreneurship ability of migrant workers as the premise of citizenization , to promote the equalization of basic public services of resident population in urban and rural and in different regions as the core task of citizenization , to scientifically calculate the citizenization cost and ability of migrant workers as the basis for formulating citizenization policy , to perfect the rural land policy as an important path to promote migrant workers happiness, to establish the hooking mechanism between local public expenditure and local resident population as a key measure to promote the equalization of basic public services in urban and rural, to establish the hooking mechanism between provincial fiscal transfer payment and resident population as an key point to promote cross-region migrant workers citizenization of northern Jiangsu , to increase financial transfer payment to backward counties ( cities) in northern Jiangsu as the focus of promoting the equalization of regional basic public services , to establish assessment mechanism for the citizenization of migrant workers as an important force for promoting the citizenization of migrant workers in Northern Jiangsu .
作者 范文国    李敏
Author: FAN Wen-guo    LI Min
作者单位 江苏淮海发展研究基地、江苏区域协调发展研究基地、江苏师范大学"一带一路"研究院,江苏徐州,221116
刊 名: 安徽农业科学   ISTICPKU
Journal: Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences
年,卷(期) 2017, 45(36)
分类号 S-9
关键词: 苏北 知识脉络    农民工市民化 知识脉络    主要问题 知识脉络    对策 知识脉络   
Keywords: Northern Jiangsu    Migrant workers citizenization    Main problems    Countermeasures   
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基金项目 江苏省社会科学基金项目
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