城市果蔬垃圾处理现状及再利用对策

Present Situation of Waste Treatment of Fruits and Vegetables in Cities and Countermeasures for Reuse

doi:
摘要:
介绍了果蔬垃圾的特性,阐述了城市果蔬垃圾的处理方式,包括焚烧、好氧堆肥、卫生填埋、厌氧消化、固体发酵、生产饲料蛋白.鉴于几种果蔬垃圾处理方式的优点和不足,单一的堆肥化处理、厌氧发酵或固体发酵生产饲料蛋白处理不符合城市果蔬垃圾处理需要的现实情况,设计了一套以厌氧发酵、好氧堆肥和固体发酵生产饲料蛋白技术处理果蔬垃圾系统,该系统在实际使用过程中对果蔬垃圾减量化等作用显著.
Abstract:
The characteristics of fruits and vegetables garbage were introduced.The treatment methods of urban fruits and vegetables garbage were described,including incineration, aerobic composting, sanitary landfill, anaerobic digestion, solid fermentation production of feed protein.In view of advantages and disadvantages of some fruit and vegetable waste disposal methods,single composting treatment,anaerobic fermentation and solid fermentation production of feed protein processing did not accord with the reality of city garbage disposal to fruits and vegetables, feeding protein production technology of fruit and vegetable waste treatment system by anaerobic fermentation and aerobic composting and solid fermentation were introduced.The system has a significant effect on reducing fruits and vegetables waste in practical use.
作者 张军文    沈建
Author: ZHANG Jun-wen    SHEN Jian
作者单位 农业部渔业装备与工程重点开放实验室,上海200092;中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所,上海200092
刊 名: 安徽农业科学   ISTICPKU
Journal: Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences
年,卷(期) 2017, 45(36)
分类号 X705
关键词: 果蔬垃圾 知识脉络    资源化 知识脉络    减量化 知识脉络    蛋白饲料 知识脉络   
Keywords: Fruit and vegetable garbage    Resource    Reduction    Protein feed   
机标分类号
基金项目 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所重点实验室项目
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