长白山北坡西方蜜蜂种群分布调查

Investigation on the Distribution of Apis mellifera on Northern Slope of Changbai Mountain

doi:
10.3969/j.issn.0517-6611.2017.28.037
摘要:
[目的]调查长白山北坡西方蜜蜂种群分布情况.[方法]对西方蜜蜂在长白山北坡的饲养现状及分布情况进行了调查,并对其在长白山的分布、饲养规模、生产性蜂种的类型及生产性能等进行了分析,探讨了中、西蜂的种间竞争关系.[结果]西方蜜蜂种群在长白山海拔550~1100 m均有分布,主要分布在各交通要道上.2014—2016年,西方蜜蜂种群共分布4928群,且有逐年增加的趋势.2016年,在调查的3条公路上分布西方蜜蜂蜂场41个,种群1930群.定地蜂场仅占调查总蜂场数的12.2%,生产类型主要为蜜型和蜜浆双混型,蜂场规模以中小型居多,蜂蜜产量40~50 kg/群的蜂场为13个,其蜂群数占调查总群数的49.3%.[结论]研究结果可为长白山中华蜜蜂种群恢复及可持续发展提供科学依据.
Abstract:
[Objective]To investigate the distribution situations of Apis mellifera on northern slope of Changbai Mountain.[Method]The current breeding status and distribution of A.mellifera on northern slope of Changbai Mountain were investigated.The distribution, raising scale, types of productive bees and productive performances of bee species were analyzed.The interspecific competition between A.mellifera and A.cerana Fab-ricius were discussed.[ Result] The populations of A.mellifera were mainly distributed along three roads from 550 to 1100 meters.There were 4928 groups of A.mellifera that kept increasing year by year from 2014 to 2016.In 2016, 41 apiaries,1930 groups of A.mellifera were distributed on northern slope of Changbai Mountain.The fixed apiaries accounted for 12.2% of the investigation total.The production types mainly included honey type and honey-royal jelly mixed type.The apiary scales were in the majority by the small-sized and medium-sized.There were 13 apiaries that the honey yields were 40-50 kg per group and the bee groups accounted for 49.3%of the total.[Conclusion]The research results can pro-vide scientific basis for the population restoration and sustainable development of A.cerana Fabricius on Changbai Mountain.
作者 蔡凤坤    张德文    沈璐    史国强    刘凤霞    张睿    李卓    黄利亚    巩振财
Author: CAI Feng-kun    ZHANG De-wen    SHEN Lu    SHI Guo-qiang    LIU Feng-xia    ZHANG Rui    LI Zhuo    HUANG Li-ya    GONG Zhen-cai
作者单位 长白山科学研究院,长白山生物群落与生物多样性吉林省联合重点实验室,吉林安图133613;吉林省长白山保护开发区管理委员会,吉林长白山133613
刊 名: 安徽农业科学   ISTICPKU
Journal: Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences
年,卷(期) 2017, 45(28)
分类号 S89
关键词: 西方蜜蜂 知识脉络    长白山北坡 知识脉络    分布 知识脉络    调查 知识脉络   
Keywords: Apis mellifera    Northern slope of Changbai Mountain    Distribution    Investigation   
机标分类号
基金项目 吉林省科技发展计划项目
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