陕西省旬邑县中药资源调查研究

Investigation and Study of Traditional Chinese Medicine Resources in Xunyi County of Shaanxi Provine

doi:
10.3969/j.issn.0517-6611.2017.28.005
摘要:
[目的]摸清旬邑县中药资源及其分布规律,分析药用植物的多样性特征,为该县中药资源的开发利用和保护提供科学依据.[方法]通过野外调查、标本采集、鉴定与走访调查的方法,对旬邑县中药资源的多样性进行研究.[结果]旬邑县共有中草药755种,其中植物药660种,原植物隶属于104科345属551种,动物药95种,原动物隶属于43科71种.双子叶植物464种,占药用植物总数的84.21%;以菊科、豆科、蔷薇科等为优势科;入药部位以全草、根及根茎为多;植物生活习性以草本为主;药效以清热药为最多.[结论]旬邑县中药资源丰富,但大多数蕴藏量不大,形成商品不多,所以应在保护的前提下加快研究步伐,进行合理开发利用.
Abstract:
[Objective]TheObjective was to study the tradition Chinese medicine resources and distribution regularity,and their diversity charac-teristics in Xunyi County,Shaanxi Province,and to provide a scientific basis for the development, utilization and protection of the tradition Chi-nese medicine resources in this county.[Method]By field survey,specimen collection, taxonomic identification and interview methods,diversity of tradition chinese medicine resources was researched.[Result]There were 755 kinds of the Chinese herbal in Xunyi County,including 660 kinds of plant medicine,the original plants belong to 104 families,345 genuera and 551 species.There were 95 kinds of animal medicina, and the original animals belong to 43 families and 71 species.There were 464 species of dicotyledonous plants,accounting for 84.21%of the total number of medicine plants.Dominant famliler were mainly Compositae ,Leguminosae and Rosaceae.In this area,the plants used whole herbs and roots ( or rhizomes) as medicinal materials,Herbaceous plants were the main habits of plant life,and efficacy of the heat-clearing and detoxifying drugs was the most.[Conclusion]Xunyi County is rich in traditional Chinese medicine resources.However,the reserves of most medicinal plants are less enough and there are not many commodities, So we should accelerate the research progress as well as developing and utilizing rationally on the premise of protection.
作者 赵新礼[1]    杨文娟[2]
Author: ZHAO Xin-li[1]    YANG Wen-juan[2]
作者单位
  1. 陕西中药研究所,陕西咸阳,712000
  2. 陕西科技大学,陕西西安,710021
刊 名: 安徽农业科学   ISTICPKU
Journal: Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences
年,卷(期) 2017, 45(28)
分类号 S567
关键词: 中药资源 知识脉络    开发利用 知识脉络    旬邑县 知识脉络   
Keywords: Tradition Chinese medicine resources    Development and utilization    Xunyi County   
机标分类号
基金项目 中医药公共卫生专项,中医药行业科研专项
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